Early records of Sleeping bags for camping bags contain French customs officers who watched the passes of the Pyrenees mountains between Spain and France. These early baggage had been made of sheepskin, for the water-proof properties, and lined with wool. The bags had 5 buckles so that they may very well be rolled. In the 1850's, Arctic explorers made beds out of a course wool blanket coated with linen, which was then lined with a Waterproof coat, rubberized cloth which was invented in 1824 by Charles Macintosh (we acknowledge this as raincoat fabric of at this time). One other early sleeping bag instance was utilized by German peasants within the 1850's. This was a simple strong linen sack that was then stuffed with dry leaves, hay, or straw. One of the earliest alpine sleeping bags was tested by Francis Fox Tuckett in 1861. This early bag was created from a wool blanket with a Waterproof coat rubber bottom. Nevertheless, Tuckett was not overjoyed to learn that the rubber backside gathered condensation whereas sleeping, and thus the design was abandoned. All these early designs have been considerably of a hassle to get out and in of, because of the truth that they were essentially sacks that one climbed into.
The primary mass produced, commercially successful sleeping bag was the Euklisia Rug, invented by Pryce Pryce-Jones of Welsh origin. Pryce-Jones, or P.J. as he called himself was a draper's apprentice at the age of 12, and went on to change into the father of the mail order business. The Euklisia Rug was a wool blanket that folded in half and fastened together, thus solving the inconvenience of having to climb into a sack. The rug additionally had a sewn-in, inflatable, rubber pillow. The Russian army was the primary huge order, within the amount of 60,000 Euklisia Rugs, and there's record of them having been used within the Siege of Plevna throughout the Russo-Turkish War. Nonetheless, town fell, leaving Pryce-Jones with 17,000 further rugs. He added the extras to his catalogue, advertising them as cheap bedding for charities to provide for the poor. The rugs then began to see service in the British Military and Australian Outback. The Euklisia Rug was 6 ft 11 inches long by 3 feet 31 inches wide.
The army even have had a hand in the growth of the mass produced sleeping bag. Military issue sleeping gear earlier than WWII consisted of five wool blankets and a ground sheet to them up. By the start of WWII, the mountain sleeping bag and the M-1942 design each featured a mummy shape. The mummy shape had been gaining in reputation among sportsmen within the years leading up, and the mummy design was adopted by the military to avoid wasting weight and space in soldiers' rucksacks and to handle a scarcity of down feathers (not as many were needed to fill a mummy shape). The mum design had the additional benefit of conserving warmth more effectively than the rectangular design. Navy concern sleeping bags featured a full length, fast launch zipper as well. The M-1942 was later replaced by the M-1949, which was a mummy shaped and stuffed with feathers. The M-1949 had a modular form of design, the place it is water proof case could be laced to the principle body of the sleeping bag to be able to provide more heat and water protection. Within the early 2.00's the army started issuing the Modular Sleeping System, one that we acknowledge right this moment as various liners that can be mixed to realize many alternative temperature ratings.